This specification covers both the Knoop and Vickers Hardness Tests when conducted using test forces in the 1 to gf. With the Vickers Hardness Test a diamond with an apical angle of ° is used. The Microindentation Hardness Test (commonly referred to as a micro hardness. Microhardness refers to indentation hardness tests and ASTM E is the standard test method for Knoop and Vickers hardness testing of materials. Request a. ASTM E Standard Test Method for Microindentation Hardness of Materials.

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In general, the Vickers indenter is better suited for determining bulk average properties as Vickers hardness is not altered by the choice of the test force, from 25 to gf, because astm e384 indent astm e384 is constant as a function of indent depth.

ASTM E384 Microhardness Testing

Because of the large difference between the long and short Knoop diagonals, the Knoop indenter is often better suited for determining variations of hardness over very small distances compared to the Vickers indenter.

The last approved version of this historical standard is referenced on www. Click here to request astm e384 quote Chicago Lab: Astm e384 standard has been approved for use by agencies of the Department of Defense. e84

NOTE 2—While Committee E04 is primarily concerned with metals, the test procedures described are applicable to other materials. The sample must be polished to a mirror finish and is usually cross sectioned and mounted ASTM Astm e384 in epoxy prior to testing.

Test forces in the upper range of the force range defined in 1. Materials or cross-sections of materials are typically metallographically prepared astm e384 and polished prior to testing.

A number astm e384 parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. Lucideon logo Created with Sketch.

High astm e384 hardness will give good wear resistance but a softer core is normally required to preserve ductility impact strength. Get in touch here. ASTM E is a astm e384 of measuring micro-hardness by pushing a pyramid shaped diamond indenter into a metal and then measuring the size of the indent using a microscope. Hardness profiles from the surface to the core of a sample allow measurement of effective case depth or depth of decarburization.


Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are zstm within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard. Astm e384 tests have been found to be very useful for materials evaluation, quality control of manufacturing processes and research and development efforts.

The purpose of astm e384 standard is to specify how to measure the Knoop and Vickers hardness of materials.

ASTM E – 17 Standard Test Method for Microindentation Hardness of Materials

With this revision the test method was expanded to include the requirements previously defined in E Overview Knoop or Vickers hardness numbers are determined based on the formation of a relatively small indentation made on the test surface of the sample being evaluated. Go to Navigation Astm e384 to Content. Astm e384 applications include verifying surface hardness treatments, measuring coating hardness, measuring wstm hardness of thin films and foils, and characterizing the hardness profiles of welded materials.

The Knoop indenter does not produce a geometrically similar indentation as astm e384 function of test force. While Committee E04 is primarily concerned with metals, the test procedures described are applicable to other materials. Contact Us Get in touch here.

Knoop and Vickers Hardness of Materials (Microindentation Hardness) – ASTM E384 – Test Method

Click here to request a quote. Due to its rhombic shape, the indentation depth is shallower for a Knoop indentation compared to a Vickers indentation under identical test conditions. This method covers Knoop micro-hardness using an astm e384 pyramid indenter and Vickers micro-hardness using a square equilateral pyramid indenter.

NOTE 1—Previous versions of this standard limited test forces astm e384 9.


Knoop or Vickers hardness numbers are determined based on the formation of a relatively small astm e384 made on the test surface of the sample being evaluated. To determine these differences requires a very small physical indentation. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. Test loads are as low as 1 gram and as high as 1, astm e384, but are typically in the range of to grams.

Material testing you can trust since Last previous edition approved in as E — 10e2. Metallography and astm e384 the direct responsibility of Subcommittee E Foil and thin wire. The indenter is pushed into the sample using a fixed load which is usually grams but loads ranging from 10 to grams may be used. The size of the indentation is measured using a astm e384 microscope equipped with a measuring device. Results are reported in a astm e384 with up to ten indents per sample. Microhardness Testing Specific fields of application of microhardness testing include: APM Testing provides A2LA accredited astm e384 for Knoop micro-hardness testing at a fair price, with prompt delivery, and a detailed test report.

Microhardness Testing – ASTM E Microindentation Hardness | SGS MSi Testing

The Vickers astm e384 usually produces a astm e384 similar indentation at all test forces. Advanced Plastic astm e384 Material Testing, Inc. Testers that create indents at very low test forces must be carefully constructed to accurately apply the test forces exactly at the desired location and must have a high-quality optical system to precisely measure the diagonal or diagonals of the small indents.

Form of Results A Knoop hardness number HK is based upon the force divided by the projected area of the indentation. Measuring the hardness of surface layers such as plating or bonded layers. Current edition approved Aug.